Paranoid Personality Disorder Overview

The essential characteristic of people with paranoid personality disorder is paranoia, a relentless mistrust and suspicion of others without adequate reason to be suspicious. People with PPD are always on guard, believing that others are constantly trying to demean, harm, or threaten them. These generally unfounded beliefs, as well as their habits of blame and distrust, interfere with their ability to form close or even workable relationships. This disorder falls under cluster A. Treatment of PPD is very diffucult, as there no medications for the disorder and people with the disoder, tend not to trust the people treating them.

Signs and Symptoms

  1. Doubt the commitment, loyalty, or trustworthiness of others, believing others are exploiting or deceiving them
  2. Are reluctant to confide in others or reveal personal information because they are afraid the information will be used against them.
  3. Are unforgiving and hold grudges.
  4. Are hypersensitive and take criticism poorly.
  5. Read hidden meanings in the innocent remarks or casual looks of others.
  6. Perceive attacks on their character that are not apparent to others; they generally react with anger and are quick to retaliate.
  7. Have persistent suspicions, without reason, that their spouses or lovers are being unfaithful.
  8. Are generally cold and distant in their relationships with others, and might become controlling and jealous to avoid being betrayed.
  9. Cannot see their role in problems or conflicts, believing they are always right.
  10. Have difficulty relaxing.
  11. Are hostile, stubborn, and argumentative.
  12. Tend to develop negative stereotypes of others, especially those from different cultural groups

Stigma of Paranoid Personality Disorder

There are not many stigmas, that is associated with PPD, but that is due to the low knowledge of the disorder in the general public. People often mistake paranoid personality disorder with other disorders, such as schizophernia. Not only that, but people think that people with this disorder try to cause trouble on purpose, which is very untrue.