Schizotypal Personality Disorder Overview

People with schizotypal personality disorder are often described as odd or eccentric and usually have few, if any, close relationships. They generally don't understand how relationships form or the impact of their behavior on others. They may also misinterpret others' motivations and behaviors and develop significant distrust of others. These problems may lead to severe anxiety and a tendency to avoid social situations, as the person with schizotypal personality disorder tends to hold peculiar beliefs and may have difficulty with responding appropriately to social cues. Schizotypal personality disorder typically is diagnosed in early adulthood and is likely to endure across the lifespan, though treatment, such as medications and therapy, can improve symptoms.

Signs and Symptoms

  1. Being a loner and lacking close friends outside of the immediate family
  2. Flat emotions or limited or inappropriate emotional responses
  3. Persistent and excessive social anxiety
  4. Incorrect interpretation of events, such as a feeling that something that is actually harmless or inoffensive has a direct personal meaning
  5. Peculiar, eccentric or unusual thinking, beliefs or mannerisms
  6. Suspicious or paranoid thoughts and constant doubts about the loyalty of others
  7. Belief in special powers, such as mental telepathy or superstitions
  8. Unusual perceptions, such as sensing an absent person's presence or having illusions
  9. Dressing in peculiar ways, such as appearing unkempt or wearing oddly matched clothes
  10. Peculiar style of speech, such as vague or unusual patterns of speaking, or rambling oddly during conversations

Stigma of Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Due to the odd thoughts people percive people with Schizotypal Personality Disorder as weird or oddballs or even stupid. This can make it hard for people with this disorder, since they can't control having these thoughts. People sometimes falsely diagnose people who have SPD with schizophernia. Though they are similar, they are not the same. The main difference people with schizophernia can't seperate their thoughts from reality, while people with schizotypal personality disorder can.